- The Duties of Brotherhood in Islam
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- The Duties of Brotherhood in Islam - Ghazzālī - Google книги
- Duties of Brotherhood
Imam Ghazali mentions 8 duties of brotherhood and of course sisterhood , in which each duty comprises a chapter in this book. Imam Ghazali, narrates hadith, stories from the companions, and then stories from the pious Muslims of earlier generations.
The Duties of Brotherhood in Islam
I will attempt to highlight a few passages in each duty, perhaps providing good reason to read and reread the book in its entirety, InshaAllah. The lowest degree is where you place your brother on the same footing as your slave or your servant, attending to his need from your surplus. Some need befalls him when you have more than you require to satisfy your own, so you give spontaneously, not obliging him to ask.
To oblige him to ask is the ultimate shortcoming in brotherly duty. At the second degree you place your brother on the same footing as yourself. You are content to have him as a partner in your property and to treat him like yourself, to the point of letting him share it equally.
The third degree, the highest of all, you prefer your brother to yourself and set his need before your own.
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This is the degree of siddiq, and the final stage for those united in spiritual love. Tradition tells us that Masruq owed a heavy debt. Have you salt? Is there anything you need?
Product Reviews for The Duties of Brotherhood in Islam (Imam Ghazali)
A noble believer always keeps present in himself the good qualities of his brother, so that his heart may be the source of honour, affection and respect. As for the hypocrite of low character, he is always noticing misdeeds and faults. Ibn al-Mubarak said: The believer tries to find excuses for others, while a hypocrite looks out for mistakes. Concealing faults, feigning ignorance of them and overlooking them — this is the mark of religious people.
The Duties of Brotherhood in Islam - Ghazzālī - Google книги
Furthermore, you should thank him for what he does on your behalf, indeed for his very intention even if he does not succeed completely. Ali May Allah be pleased with him said: He who does not praise his brother for his good intention will not praise him for his good deed. Al-Shafi said: To admonish your brother in private is to advise him and improve him. But to admonish him in public is to disgrace him and shame him. Someone who draws your attention to a blameworthy action you are addicted to, or a blameworthy feature of your character, so that you can cleanse yourself of it, is like one who warns you of a snake or scorpion under your robe — he has shown concern lest you perish, and if you disapprove of that how great is your folly.
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On page 63, Imam Ghazali writes how a brother who has befallen into mistakes or failings should be treated:. I mean that brotherhood is a contract on the same footing as kinship; once it is contracted the duty is confirmed, and that which the contract entails must be fulfilled.
Fulfillment includes not neglecting the days of his need and poverty — and poverty in religion is more acute than material poverty. He has been afflicted by calamity and harmed by adversity, in consequence of which he is impoverished in his religion.
Therefore he must be watched and cared for, not neglected. No, he needs constant kindness to be helped to salvation from disaster which has befallen him. Brotherhood is provision for the vicissitudes and accidents of time, and this is the hardest of misfortunes.
Further, if the man of bad morals enjoys the fellowship of the God-fearing, and observes his fear constancy, he will soon come back to righteousness and be ashamed to persist. Indeed a lazy man in fellowship with an industrious one will be shamed by him into industry.
Your brother pleads seventy excuses, yet you will not accept him. You are the one at fault, not your brother! The sixth duty is to pray for your brother, during his life and after his death, that he may have all that he wished for himself, his family and his dependents. You should pray for him as you pray for yourself, making no distinction at all between you and him.
Duties of Brotherhood
By Imam al-Ghazali , Muhtar Holland. Imam al-Ghazali explores the meaning and significance of fraternity in Islam in this brilliant essay from his seminal work, The Revival of the Religious Sciences , which covers material assistance, personal aid, holding one's tongue, speaking out, forgiveness, loyalty, sincerity, and informality.
He made outstanding contributions in logic, philosophy, jurisprudence, legal theory, and mysticism. Bookseller or Librarian? Format: Paperback. About the Book Imam al-Ghazali explores the meaning and significance of fraternity in Islam in this brilliant essay from his seminal work, The Revival of the Religious Sciences , which covers material assistance, personal aid, holding one's tongue, speaking out, forgiveness, loyalty, sincerity, and informality.